Violence Wheel & Cycle

Violence Wheel

Cycle of Violence


  • Any type of abuse occurs (physical/sexual/emotional)

Tension Building

  • Abuser starts to get angry

  • Abuse may begin

  • There is a breakdown of communication

  • Victim feels the need to keep the abuser calm

  • Tension becomes too much

  • Victim feels like they are 'walking on egg shells'


  • Abuser may apologize for abuse

  • Abuser may promise it will never happen again

  • Abuser may blame the victim for causing the abuse

  • Abuser may deny abuse took place or say it was not as bad as the victim claims


  • Abuser acts like the abuse never happened

  • Physical abuse may not be taking place

  • Promises made during 'making-up' may be met

  • Victim may hope that the abuse is over

  • Abuser may give gifts to victim